Fire safety and Flame retardants

Author: Simon Parker

Simon Parker has over 70 years of shared experience with Minerva Security, dealing in commercial business security and fire alarm systems.

Fire safety and Flame retardants

 Fire safety is the set of equipment and/or practices intended to prevent the risk of starting an uncontrolled fire and to reduce the destruction in the event of a fire. Fire safety measures are designed to protect individual property and even structural integrity. Contrarily, items that have the opposite result, increase the risk of both fire and injury, are called fire hazards. Fire safety is essential to help safeguard your properties as well as protecting your loved ones. Humans, according to the World Fire Statistics Centre (WFSC), cause most fires worldwide either by purpose or at times, accidentally. According to different research by the U.S. Fire Administration, an average of 3,240 deaths has occurred due to fires between 2004 and 2013(1), property damage worth $11.6 billion and 15,775 fire-related injuries are reported each year. In the event of fire, taking the necessary safety procedures is a precaution that can help save lives and even properties. Here are fire prevention and safety tips that everyone can and should take into consideration.

 Fire Prevention and Safety Tips

Include a broad selection of home and commercial fire safety devices, procedures and plans offered to employers and consumers. They comprise:

Maximum occupancy: There is an occupancy limit allowed on some private and all commercial buildings.

Fire extinguishers: Include placing devices meant to extinguish fires at strategic locations and visible to consumers throughout the building.

Fire exit/exits signs: Ensuring a building has enough exit routes properly placed, and posting the locations of and routes to these outlets in visible regions all round the building.

Fire drills: Involves evacuation of the inhabitants of a building for practice.

Fire Alarms: Fire Alarm systems specially designed to alert the occupants of a building of a fire. They ensure that you’re able to respond swiftly and save your own life in case of an emergency.

Structural fireproof: Fire-retardant insulation, usually phosphorus-based compounds.

Benefits of Using Flame Retardants as a Fire Safety Tool

Although all of the above fire prevention and safety tips should be taken into action by all, other fire safety tools that should also be taken into consideration are Flame retardants.

Flame retardants play a significant role in reducing the incidence of fire. They can prevent fires from starting, and in case a fire does occur; they slow down its spread and consequently allowing room for safe escape. Flame retards included in upholstered furniture provided ample escape time according to a recent analysis carried out using data from a National Institute of Justice fire study. Flame retardants are now used as alternatives for fire shutters. The materials are specially built and designed to replace walls and other large openings. Its effectiveness has been proven, and that is why the material is a common addition to most properties and buildings. In addition, the material is quite simple and easy to use – more reasons why its maintenance is very minimal.

Fire retardant curtains are additional functions to your extinguishers, fire alarms, and sprinklers. Sprinklers and fire alarms could help you stop the fire right away, but with the help of retardant items like curtains, you would be able to stop the spreading of the fire.

Final Thoughts

Choosing the best materials will not only guarantee security but also help you achieve a safer home. Whether it is for curtains or installing important appliances at your home, fire retarded materials are always recommended materials due to the benefit you get from it.





Recent Advances for Flame Retardancy of Textiles Based on Phosphorus Chemistry

Published: 25 August 2016
Abstract: This paper aims at updating the progress on the phosphorus-based flame retardants specifically designed and developed for fibers and fabrics (particularly referring to cotton, polyester and their blends) over the last five years. Indeed, as clearly depicted by Horrocks in a recent review, the world of flame retardants for textiles is still experiencing some changes that are focused on topics like the improvement of its effectiveness and the replacement of toxic chemical products with counterparts that have low environmental impact and, hence, are more sustainable. In this context, phosphorus-based compounds play a key role and may lead, possibly in combination with silicon- or nitrogen-containing structures, to the design of new, efficient flame retardants for fibers and fabrics. Therefore, this review thoroughly describes the advances and the potentialities offered by the phosphorus-based products recently developed at a lab-scale, highlighting the current limitations, open challenges and some perspectives toward their possible exploitation at a larger scale. PDF


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