Synthesis of functionalized α-zirconium phosphate modified with intumescent flame retardant and its application in PLA

Recently published article: Polymer Degradation and Stability, Volume 98, Issue 9, September 2013.

Abstract

A novel functionalized α-zirconium phosphate (F-ZrP) modified with intumescent flame retardant was synthesized by co-precipitation method and characterized. Poly (lactic acid) (PLA)/F-ZrP nanocomposites were prepared by melt blending method. The thermal stability and combustion behavior of PLA/F-ZrP nanocomposites were investigated by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), limiting oxygen index (LOI), vertical burning test (UL-94), scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), and cone calorimeter test (CCT). The results showed that the addition of flame retardant F-ZrP slightly affect PLA’s thermal stability, but significantly improve the flame retardancy of PLA composites. In comparison with neat PLA, the LOI value of PLA/F-ZrP was increased from 19.0 to 26.5, and the UL-94 rating was enhanced to V-0 as the loading of F-ZrP at 10%. SEM results suggested the introduction of F-ZrP in the PLA system can form compact intumescent char layer during burning. All these results showed that the F-ZrP performed good flame retardancy for PLA.

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