Thermal Stability and Flammability Behavior of Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) Based Composites

Published: 11 July 2019,  for pdf format: click here

Abstract

A series of samples based on poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) containing five different additives were prepared and their thermal stability and flammability were discussed. The samples first underwent flammability screening by using Pyrolysis Combustion Flow Calorimeter (PCFC) analyses. Then, four samples were selected for further investigations. PHB composites containing sepiolite (Sep.) inorganic nanofiller, and also organic ammonium polyphosphate (APP) were examined for flammability and thermal behavior using PCFC, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), flame test, and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) analyses. Moreover, burning behavior of samples were captured on a digital camera to give a deeper sense of their flammability character for comparison.

Capture

The results revealed a significant improvement of flammability and thermal stability of composites, particularly in the presence of sepiolite with respect to the value obtained for unfilled PHB. Regarding TGA results, the char residue yield was increased to ca. 20.0 wt.% in the presence of sepiolite, while 0.0 wt.% was observed for PHB. PCFC measurements uncovered higher performance of PHB-Sep. sample as signaled by 40% reduction in the peak of heat release rate with respect to PHB. According to observations, PHB-Sep. sample showed non-dripping behavior with high capacity of charring in the presence of Sep. in a vertical flame test. Read more: click here

 

 

 

Advertisements

Speciale Issue-Flame retardants in Composites Part B: Engineering

FR special issue : please click here

Composites Part B: Engineeringhas recently identified flame retardants and flame-retardant polymer/composites as one of its 20 focused topics for the journal and launched a speciale issue. This Special Issue is purposely organised to announce this decision. We want our flame retardantsresearch community tobeaware that Composites Part B: Engineeringis now dedicated to publishingthe latest progress on flame retardants and flame-retardant polymer composites.

For more information: : please click here

Capture

Wood & Fire Safety 2020 Conference

Capture

The 9th International Scientific Conference Wood & Fire Safety 2020 (WFS 2020) will be held as usual at the Hotel Patria, Strbske Pleso, Slovakia, May 3-6, 2020.

More information: http://wfs2020.sk

 

Biodegradable polyester thin films and coatings in the line of fire: the time of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA)?

Published in “Progress in Organic Coatings”

Abstract

From sustainability standpoint, bio-based resins are of crucial importance nowadays rather than fossil-based resins, but the former suffers from low flame retardancy. Bio-based thin films and coatings are in their early stage of development; hence, a long way must be paved to make them resistant against flame/fire. Polylactic acid (PLA)-based biocompatible (timesand some biodegradable) coatings have been in the core of attention, but even among available works one can rarely find a comprehensive report on flame retardancy of PLA thin films and coatings. Attention should also be paid to the fact that first-generation biodegradable polyesters, PLAs, are not fully biodegradable. Moreover, synthesis of PLAs is hooked on crop consumption. On the other hand, polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) with more or less similar structure, but different physical properties due to their lower glass transition temperature compared with PLAs, are known as the second-generation of bio-polyester. Overall, we highlight here that PHAs might be a better candidate for thin film manufacturing thanks to their synthesis by microorganism as well as significant variability of their microstructure that provides a wide range of properties, and notably their full biodegradability compared with PLAs. Though mass production of PHAs is not cost-effective these days and their market just entered into the growth phase, we suggest study on flame retardancy of PHA-based resins, thin films, and coatings for near future. This short communication deals with the current status and future ahead of PHA-based flame retardant thin films and coatings.

Read more: click here

Capture

PolyFlame-N15

Our last newsletter is now available : pdf , Click here

PolyFlame-N°15

Recent Advances in Bio-Based Flame Retardant Additives for Synthetic Polymeric Materials

Published: 31 January 2019 in Polymers, pdf file: here

Abstract: It would be difficult to imagine how modern life across the globe would operate in the absence of synthetic polymers. Although these materials (mostly in the form of plastics) have revolutionized our daily lives, there are consequences to their use, one of these being their high levels of flammability. For this reason, research into the development of flame retardant (FR) additives for these materials is of tremendous importance. However, many of the FRs prepared are problematic due to their negative impacts on human health and the environment. Furthermore, their preparations are neither green nor sustainable since they require typical organic synthetic processes that rely on fossil fuels. Because of this, the need to develop more sustainable and non-toxic options is vital. Many research groups have turned their attention to preparing new bio-based FR additives for synthetic polymers. This review explores some of the recent examples made in this field.

Capture

 

 

3rd SFPE Europe Conference on Fire Safety Engineering

The 3rd SFPE Europe Conference on Fire Safety Engineering will be held in Málaga, Spain, 22-23 May 2019. Read more: click here

Capture

 

%d bloggers like this: